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Year 2 No. 5 May 2009

The Overseas Vote: a new modality in Panama

Sharon Sinclaire de DumanoirRead complete article.

The Invited Pen

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The role of the Electoral Prosecutor's Office in the panamanian elections

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Evolution of the mexican electoral justice

In general terms, it is possible to distinguish the following three relevant periods in the evolution of the Mexican electoral justice:

1. The Electoral Justice System predominantly administered by the legislature or a political assembly (1812-1977).

Since the Federal Constitution of 1824 (under the influence of the Constitution of Cadiz of 1812 and the Constitution of the United States of 1787), to the electoral reform of 1977 remained effective in Mexico - with some variants, the system of electoral justice administer by the legislature or politically, which had the faculty to decide on the validity of the respective election. This system was generally followed in the democratic regimes of the beginning of XIX Century and it is linked to the origin of the parliaments, following the English and French experience, which influenced, respectively, the North American and the Spanish, and consequently the Latin-American and in particular the Mexican. Read complete article.




Dear readers:

Once again Electoral World is here with you, this time with an edition emphasized in articles of Panamanian authors, because on Sunday, May 3 general elections will be held in Panama.

However, we are also including five articles of International authors in order to maintain the main objective of this magazine that is also International. That said I would like to thank the foreign authors who have honored us by sending their articles, very important all of them.

We would like to highlight the articles of Licentiates Luis Antonio Sobrado, Magistrate President of the Supreme Tribunal of Elections of Costa Rica, Constancio Carrasco, member of the Superior Chamber of the Electoral Tribunal of the Judiciary of the Federation of Mexico, Jose de Jesus Orozco Henriquez, also a former Magistrate of the Superior Chamber of the Electoral Tribunal of the Judiciary of the Federation of Mexico, Rafael Dendia, former President of the Superior Tribunal of Electoral Justice of Paraguay, and to finish Francisco Diaz, Chief Advisor in Public Relations of the Cabinet of Chile's President Michelle Bachelet, to each one of the authors mentioned, our gratitude for being present in Electoral World. Read complete editorial.

From the Internacional Editor / Between Columns

What are the Electoral Management Bodies? In general terms, the Electoral Management Bodies (EMB) are institutional structures dedicated to the management of the electoral processes, and they also take part in the electoral and post-electoral controversies that may arise among the main actors of the elections (parties and candidates).

IDEA (The International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance) has an excellent definition:

"An EMB is an organization or body which has been founded for the purpose of, and is legally responsible for, managing one or more of the elements that are essential for the conduct of elections, and of direct democracy instruments - such as referendums, citizens' initiatives, and recall votes - if those are part of the legal framework." (Wall et al, 2006:5). Read complete article.