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Year 4 No. 10 January 2011

The Invited Pen / Electoral Justice in Ibero America

Justicia Electoral y Justicia Constitucional: Principios de articulación. / Paloma BiglinoLa Pluma Invitada / La Justicia Electoral en Iberoamérica

 José Jesús Orozco

The Ibero-American electoral contentious history records in the Constitutions of the nineteenth and part of the twentieth century, a system of electoral justice assigned to the legislative body (also called contentious political electoral), by reserving to the Legislature, the alleged lawmakers or a part thereof, the right to decide on the validity or invalidity of a particular election.

The aforementioned electoral justice system assigned to the legislative body generally coexisted with a variety of administrative resources that could be brought, during the preparation stage of the election, before a body responsible for organizing the elections, and sometimes with different remedies prior to election day before the bodies of ordinary jurisdiction (such as those relating to electoral rolls). Read complete article.

Civic Electoral Education

Educación Cívica Electoral


Lucy Molinar

Promote awareness and responsible practice of individual, political and social rights and duties in order to promote peaceful coexistence in a democratic system is one of the objectives of the Electoral Civic Education Program taught in schools throughout the country.

For the Ministry of Education, it is important to instill in our young students the principles and values supporting our democracy and to show they are worth cultivating. Read complete article.


Challenges of the electoral bodies in light of the incorporation of technology

Los desafíos de los organismos electorales frente a la incorporación de la tecnología


Juan Ignacio García

It is indisputable that technological advances have been incorporated in an almost indispensable manner to the chores of everyday life.   New generations handle them seamlessly and others cannot argue that its use provides greater efficiency and considerable simplification to their work.

Technological progress occurs primarily in three areas, information, communications and automation.  We can see it in our daily lives.  We are being informed not just by radio or television, but also by the internet, web sites and other ways with similar potential.  Suffice it to refer to Facebook, Twitter, Internet and many others. We are increasingly using automated systems in all kinds of household appliances. And what about mobile telephony so incorporated into our daily routine. Read complete article. 

Panama’s Electoral Tribunal Quality Management System Third Party Audit Experience

Experiencia de Auditoría de Tercera Parte al Sistema de Gestión de la Calidad del Tribunal Electoral de Panamá


Magdiel Martínez

As one strategy to enhance transparency in the processes undertaken by the Electoral Tribunal of Panama, it implemented a quality management ISO 9001 system and obtained an international certification thereof.   The quality management system assessment by a third-party strengthens the confidence of citizens and international bodies.  At the request of Panama's Electoral Tribunal, the Organization of American States negotiated and obtained funding provided by the Spanish Government for the completion of the design, documentation, training, system implementation and certification of quality management of the Court.  Note that this is one of the OAS’ lines of action to promote transparency of electoral processes in the continent.

The Electoral Tribunal of Panama selected four directorates to be certified: the Directorate of Information Technology, the National Directorate of Civil Registration, the National Directorate of Identity Cards and the National Directorate of Electoral Organization. Read complete article.




The Electoral Tribunal of Panama has just completed with great satisfaction a major challenge that marks a milestone in the history of this country, and most likely also in Latin America: the organization of elections for delegates to the congresses that are part of traditional authorities in the Ngöbe Bugle reservation. A fact, as we said, unprecedented in this country, which Angel Castillerosummarizes in the space ceded to him in the National Editor's column as a continuation of the issue addressed in the previous edition of Electoral World.

Further, in this 10th edition, we include an article by the Panamanian Minister of Education, Lucy Molinar, who refers to the importance of civic and electoral education in the development of our students, future citizens. Read complete article.

Between Columns / The history of a great man: Dr. Carlos Antonio Urruty Navatta

Entre Columnas / La historia de un gran hombre: El Dr. Carlos Antonio Urruty Navatta

Dr. Andrés Clavel Sosa


Estimados lectores:

En esta oportunidad y con mucho dolor escribo una reseña de quien fuera un gran amigo de Panamá, de nuestro Tribunal Electoral y muy particularmente de nuestra revista Mundo Electoral, el Dr. Carlos Antonio Urruty Navatta, ex Presidente y funcionario de la Corte Electoral del Uruguay por más de cincuenta años. No hacía mucho tiempo Mundo Electoral le había rendido un cálido homenaje por ser junto al Dr. Juan Ignacio García del Servicio Electoral de Chile, uno de los funcionarios y Magistrados más longevos de nuestra familia electoral de Las Américas. Con mucho orgullo les presento.

Nació en Uruguay en 1929 y falleció el 6 de septiembre de 2010.  

Carlos Urruty ingresó a la Corte Electoral a los 15 años de edad, en octubre de 1944, como mensajero y a la par de su trabajo, inició sus estudios universitarios, doctorándose en Derecho y Ciencias Sociales en 1958. Tras el advenimiento de la democracia en 1985 fue nombrado Ministro del organismo, en representación del Partido Colorado. En 1996 fue nombrado Presidente del organismo. Read complete article.


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